Executive Order: Electrical Equipment

This is a translation of the Executive Order on Safety for Electrical Equipment.
In any case of misinterpretation between the translated version and the Danish version, the Danish version has legal force.

(Executive Order no 1285 of 04/11/2016)

In pursuance of Section 5(1)(iii), Section 5(2), Section 8(5), Section 31(1-2) and Section 34(2) of the Danish Act No. 525 of 29 April 2015 on the Safety of Electrical Plants, Electrical Installations and Electrical Equipment (the Electrical Safety Act), the following is laid down.

Executive Order: Electrical Equipment

Part 1: Scope etc.

(1). This Executive Order applies to:

1. Electrical equipment designed for use with a rated voltage not exceeding 50V a.c.  and 75V d.c.
2. Electrical equipment designed for use at a rated voltage exceeding 1,000V a.c. and 1,500V d.c.
3. Electricity meters, electric fence controllers and plugs and socket-outlets for household and similar purposes regardless of whether or not they are covered by the voltage limits in no. 1)-2) above.

2. (1) Electrical equipment manufactured or placed on the market in another EU member state or Turkey, or which is lawfully manufactured in an EFTA state which is a contracting party to the EEA Agreement, may legally and without restrictions be imported into and used in Denmark if it is in compliance with safety standards corresponding to those required in this Executive Order.

Part 2: Meeting the safety requirement of the Electrical Safety Act

(1). The safety requirement in Section 4 of the Electrical Safety Act, cf. Sections 4-12 of this Executive Order, is deemed to be met if the electrical equipment is manufactured in accordance with Danish safety standards for electrical equipment published by Danish Standards (DS).

   (2). If no such safety standards as mentioned in subsection (1) above exist, the safety requirement in Section 4 of the Electrical Safety Act, cf. Sections 4-12 of this Executive Order, is deemed to be met if the electrical equipment is manufactured in accordance with European safety standards for electrical equipment published by the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC).

   (3). If no such safety standards as mentioned in subsections (1)-(2) above exist, the safety requirement in Section 4 of the Electrical Safety Act, cf. Sections 4-12 of this Executive Order, is deemed to be met if the electrical equipment is manufactured in accordance with international safety standards published by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

   (4). The standards used under subsections (1)-(3) above must address all identified safety risks of the electrical equipment.

   (5). If standards are not used or only partially used, it must be documented that the safety requirement of Section 4 of the Electrical Safety Act has been met, cf. Section 16(2).

Part 3: General safety requirements

General conditions

4. The electrical equipment and its individual components must be constructed in such a way that it can be safely and properly connected and used.

5. The electrical equipment must be designed and manufactured in such a way that persons, domestic animals and property is protected during the lifetime of the electrical equipment against the hazards mentioned in Sections 6-12 below provided that it is used in a foreseeable manner.

Protection against dangers that may arise from the electrical equipment

6. Persons and domestic animals must be protected against the danger of physical injury or other harm which might be caused by direct or indirect contact.

7. Temperatures, arcs or radiation which would cause a danger to persons, domestic animals or property must not be produced.

8. Persons, domestic animals and property must be protected against non-electrical dangers arising from the electrical equipment.

9. The insulation must be adapted to foreseeable conditions.

Protection against hazards which may be caused by external influences on the electrical equipment

10. The electrical equipment must be resistant to mechanical effects during foreseeable use, in such a way that no danger for persons, domestic animals and property arise.

11. The electrical equipment must be resistant to non-mechanical effects in expected environmental conditions, in such a way that no danger for persons, domestic animals and property arises.

12. The electrical equipment may not endanger persons, domestic animals and property in foreseeable conditions of overload.

Part 4: Special safety requirements

13. Plugs and socket-outlets for household and similar purposes must be in compliance with the most recent version of DS 60884-2-D1, plugs and socket-outlets for household and similar purposes – requirements for Danish systems.

14(1). Hospital plugs must be in compliance with the most recent version of DS 60884-2-D1, plugs and socket-outlets for household and similar purposes – requirements for Danish systems, standard sheet DK 2-8a, and hospital socket-outlets must be in compliance with the most recent version of DS 60884-2-D1, plugs and socket-outlets for household and similar purposes – requirements for Danish systems, standard sheet DK 1-8a or DK 1-8b.

   (2). Hospital plugs may only be used for special electrical equipment for use in circuits in hospitals and similar areas.

15.(1) The standards which this executive order refers to are not introduced into Lovtidende (the official Danish Law Gazette) but can be purchased at Danish Standards or reviewed at the Danish Safety Technology Authority.

Part 5: Documentation

16 (1). Anyone who manufactures electrical equipment and anyone who imports electrical equipment into Denmark must ensure that the following can be provided to The Danish Safety Technology Authority as documentation of compliance with the safety requirement in Section 4 of the Electrical Safety Act.:

i. Information about the manufacturer of the electrical equipment.
ii. A description of the electrical equipment which unambiguously identifies it by stating its type designation, production number, serial number or the like.
iii. A general description of the electrical equipment.
iv. Test reports.
v. A risk assessment describing the hazards that may arise in connection with storing, transporting, installation, commissioning and operation of the electrical equipment, both when used as prescribed and in a foreseen manner, as well as what has been done to ensure compliance with the safety requirements in Parts 3-4 above, so that the electrical equipment is safe throughout its entire lifetime.

(2). If safety standards for electrical equipment are not used, cf. Section 3(1)-(3), or are only partially used, anyone who manufactures electrical equipment and anyone who imports electrical equipment into Denmark must ensure that, in addition to the contents of subsection (1) above, the following can be provided to the Danish Safety Technology Authority:

i. Design and production drawings, components lists and electrical diagrams.
ii. Descriptions and explanations necessary to understand the documentation covered by subsection (2)(i) above.
iii. A description of solutions chosen in order to meet the general safety requirements, cf. Part 3.

 (3). Documentation subsequent to subsection (1)-(2)above must be able to be provided to The Danish Safety Technology Authority for 10 years after the electrical equipment have been placed on the market in Denmark.

(4). The Danish Safety Technology Authority may set a reasonable deadline for provision of the documentation subsequent to subsections (1)-(2) above. Documentation under subsections (1)-(2) above must be available in Danish or English.

Part 6: Penalty

17 (1). Unless a higher penalty is incurred in pursuance of other legislation, anyone who

1. fails to observe the general safety requirements in Sections 4-12 above;
2. fails to observe the special safety requirements in Sections 13-14 above or
3. fails to produce the documentation required under Section 16 above,

   shall be liable to a fine.

   (2). Companies, etc. (legal persons) may incur criminal liability in pursuance of the rules of Part 5 of the Criminal Code.

18. The period of limitation of the criminal liability is 10 years.

Part 7: Entry into force

19 (1). This Executive Order comes into force on July 1st2017.

   (2) At the same time, the following executive orders are repealed:

  1. The Heavy Current Regulation of January 1st, 1997, section 111, 1st edition, Cooking and heating apparatus for household and similar purposes.
  2. The Heavy Current Regulation of July 1st, 1978, section 22, 1st edition, Terminals for aluminium conductors.
  3. The Heavy Current Regulation of July 1st, 1002, section 146, 1st edition, provisions governing the design and installation of equipment for resistance welding and similar processes.
  4. The Heavy Current Regulation of October 1st, 1994, section 148, Switches for appliances.
  5. The Heavy Current Regulation of April 10th, 1996, section 138, luminaires.

Executive Order: Electrical Equipment: Notification

Link to note: Notification

The draft Executive Order has been notified in pursuance of Directive 2015/1535/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down a procedure in the field of technical regulations and rules on information society services (codification).